What technologies are behind this virtual world?

The metaverse is a world of digital products, virtual avatars and functional economies, where technology is more than a utility; It is a way of life. It refers to the non-physical world where people can communicate through various types of virtual technology. There are many technologies behind the metaverse.

The metaverse is a platform similar to the concept of science fiction. However, it is as true as the Internet. This technology is new, but before it becomes the new standard, it has many developments, trends and changes to go through. Over time, everything has changed, from the way we entertain ourselves, go shopping, watch movies, to the way we hang out with friends. Technologies like the metaverse make it possible to remove distance and be with people in real time.

In a way, the metaverse is not just about comfort or entertainment. It is also a technology that can bring two people who live far apart. The metaverse is supported by many technologies with different roles. Here are the main key technologies driving the movement of the metaverse.

Blockchain and cryptocurrency

Blockchain is technology that proves ownership and collection. It facilitates the transfer of value, manages access and ensures interoperability. In addition, it provides decentralized and transparent solutions. Cryptocurrencies enhance users’ ability to exchange value while working and socializing in 3D digital worlds.

For example, the cryptocurrency MANA in the game allows players to purchase parcels of land through non-fungible tokens. Thanks to blockchain technology, this is possible establish secure ownership of virtual land.

In addition, cryptocurrency can be one day encouraging people to work in the metaverse. It should be noted that more and more companies have online offices, increasing the number of jobs involved in the metaverse.

Metaverse, augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR)

The offer of Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR). immersive 3D experiences. They are a way to enter the virtual world. In augmented reality, the real world is changed together digital visual. Unlike virtual reality, this easier to use, and it’s on most smartphones and digital devices with cameras. Augmented Reality allows users to visualize their environment through interactive digital images.

virtual reality

But virtual reality is different. Similar to the metaverse concept, it creates fully virtual environment using computer code. Helmets, gloves and virtual reality sensors are required to see it.

Virtual reality and augmented reality represent the first examples of the metaverse. Currently, virtual reality creates a digital world with fictional media. As virtual reality technology matures, it can integrate physical simulation with the metaverse experience. As a result, users can listen, feel and interact with people from other parts of the world through the app.

Artificial intelligence (AI), a technology behind the metaverse

In recent years, artificial intelligence has been widely used in our lives. Just to mention its use during the business strategy planning process and facial recognition. AI experts get started explore applications of AI to create immersive metaverses.

This technology can processing large amounts of data at lightning speed. When combined with machine learning techniquesAI algorithms can gather insights from historical data, learn from past iterations, and generate unique results and insights.

Artificial intelligence technology and the metaverse

In addition, AI can upgrading non-player characters (NPCs) in different ways in the metaverse. Almost all games have NPCs (characters in a game that are not controlled by a player). Using AI, NPCs can interact in 3D spaces and have realistic conversations with users or perform other tasks.

AI NPCs can move independently and interact with millions of players simultaneously, unlike human users. One of the possibilities of AI is create metaverse avatare. With the help of AI machines, we can create avatars that look more realistic and accurate by analyzing 2D images and 3D scans. In addition, to improve the digital humans we create, AI can also be used create facial expressions, hairstyles, clothes and other features.

The process of 3D reconstruction and metaverse technology

3D reconstruction is not a new technology. In fact, it is widespread during the pandemic when closures prevent potential buyers from seeing properties in person. Therefore, some agencies began to use 3D reconstruction to create virtual tours of properties.

3D reconstruction

Like the metaverse, buyers can discover potential new homes from anywhere where and buy them without entering. A key challenge is to create a virtual world as close to reality as possible. It also allows the creation of realistic and organic spaces through 3D reconstruction. Using amazing 3D cameras, we can render accurate 3D models of buildings, places and objects on the web.

3D spatial data and 4K HD photos are sent to computers for processing. The virtual replicas are then displayed in the metaverse for users to check. These virtual replicas of physical objects are also called digital twin.

Web 3.0 – Next Generation Internet Technology


One of the advantages of Web 3.0 is decentralized blockchain protocol. The latter allows people to connect to an Internet where they own the data and time and are properly paid for. It’s more more useful than a website where centralized giant corporations can siphon off profits.

A Web 2.0 must be used semantic metadata for computers to understand the meaning of sentences, to create, share and connect content, to search for it and to analyze it. In addition, web 3.0 will allow greater connectivity between data sources. As a result, the user experience has evolved to a higher level of connectivity, making the most of every piece of information on the Internet.

Internet of Things (IoT) technology

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a system that connects everything in our physical world to the internet through sensors and gadgets. These gadgets have a unique identifier and the ability to automatically send and receive information after connecting to the Internet.

Today, the Internet of Things connects speakers, thermostats, medical gadgets, and other voice-enabled devices to various data sources. the metaverse IoT applications designed to collect and distribute data from the physical world. In doing so, the digital representations more accurate. For example, particular metaverse items may behave differently based on the current weather conditions.


Besides that, 3D environments can be seamlessly scaled to a wide range of real-world devices through the Internet of Things. Thanks to this technology, it is possible create simulations in the metaverse. In addition, IoT can use AI and machine learning further development of the metaverse by managing the data it collects.

Metaverse and mobile device processors

Augmented reality on mobile phones must work in glasses as seen by the public. To make this possible, we need small, ultra-fast mobile processors that can be integrated into conventional glasses, VR devices, high-end mobile processors with low latency and high frame rates. In addition, optical elements compatible with standard silicon components can be introduced. In the end, it can lead to speed up data transfer.

Metaverse and edge computing

Edge Computing

The use of edge computing more popular in commercial spaces. In fact, it promotes faster data transmission with less delay. And it is necessary for high quality immersive virtual experiences.

However, with millions of people sharing virtual experiences around the world, the cloud cannot support the amount of processing power required to support the system. Instead of bringing processing closer to users, distributed computing can make the whole experience smoother.

Internet Infrastructure

Startups and IT companies are trying to cope the challenges of providing an immersive real-time virtual world. As a service, metaverse does not rely on an app to function. It’s not a world or a game either.

Rather, it is a new generation of the Internet, which allows real time interaction. Infrastructure is what forms the metaverse. The latter offers a vast virtual world with highly detailed textures. This will require very high internet speed, high bandwidth and very low latency.


With 5G, millimeter wave frequencies will reach extremely high levels, enabling VR experiences. Hopefully 6G will soon replace 5G. However, 6G technology is not currently available. According to some experts, its speed can be one to two times faster than 5g, which is equivalent to one terabyte per second. You can download 142 hours of Netflix content in a second.

In addition, the 6G network will enable cyberspace to supporting real-time knowledge and human action, according to a white paper by NTT Docomo. Sensory interfaces are used portable devices and microdevices attached to the body feels and looks like real life.

Brain-machine interface technology and the world of the metaverse

Brain-machine interfaces allow us controlling avatars, various objects and digital transactions using our brain signals. This technology should impose itself on video games and labor productivity markets. He did not play a major role in the early years of the metaverse.

However, by the mid-2030s, some early adopters may begin using brain-machine interfaces to connect to the neocortex. The neocortex is part of the cerebral cortex of the human brain, which is responsible for higher cognitive functions. Many companies are already developing brain-computer interfaces.

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